Founded in Matatiele on December 12, 2005, the AIC was a protest against the location of the area within the boundaries of the Eastern Cape province rather than KwaZulu-Natal as a result of the 12th Amendment of the Constitution of South Africa put forward by the ANC government. The disputed boundary change went to court; it was eventually confirmed by the 13th Amendment of the Constitution of South Africa.
The United Democratic Movement is a centre-left, social-democratic, South African political party, formed by a prominent former National Party leader, Roelf Meyer, a former African National Congress and Transkei homeland leader, General Bantu Holomisa, and a former ANC Executive Committee member, John Taylor.
The African Transformation Movement (ATM) was created in 2018 with the backing of the South African Council of Messianic Churches in Christ (SACMCC), which together are supported by millions of congregants.
The Minority Front (MF) was formed in November 1993 as a replacement for the National People’s Party by Amichand Rajbansi.
The Better Residents Association (BRA) – formerly known as the Bushbuckridge Residents Association – was formed in 2011 by the Bushbuckridge community under the leadership of Delta Mokwena and its founding leader, Cleopas Maunye.
Al-Jama-ah party’s biggest support base is the large Muslim community in the Western Cape. Formed in 2007, Al Jama-ah hopes to win the support of an equal number of voters of other faiths.
The African People’s Convention (APC) was formed in September 2007 floor-crossing window when Themba Godi, the former deputy president of the Pan Africanist Congress (PAC) – launched the APC taking with him two of the PAC’s seats in the National Assembly.
Abantu Batho Congress was formed in January 2020 by Philani ‘PG’ Mavundla. The party describes itself as an Afrocentric, Pan-Africanist and womanist revolutionary movement.
The Azanian People’s Organisation (Azapo) preaches the philosophy of black emancipation and black consciousness – a philosophy popularised by the late Steve Biko, who was killed in police cells in 1977.
GOOD was formed in December 2018 by Patricia de Lille – current Minister of Public Works and Infrastructure and former Mayor of Cape Town.