INDEPENDENT. IMPARTIAL.

INDEPENDENT. IMPARTIAL.

Pan Africanist Congress

Pan Africanist Congress

The Pan Africanist Congress (PAC) was formed in April 1959 in Soweto as a breakaway from the African National Congress (ANC).  Influenced by the Africanist ideals of Kwame Nkrumah, the PAC promotes the return of the land to the indigenous people.

Flag: Green, black and gold with a black map of Africa and a gold star.

Constitution: PAC’s constitution is extracted from Karis & Carter. One of its aims is “to unite and rally the African people into one national front on the basis of African nationalism”.

The PAC was outlawed with the ANC in 1960 after the Sharpeville massacre. Its leaders were exiled or detained for long periods. These included Robert Sobukwe, its founder and leader, who was incarcerated in Robben Island until 1969 and then placed under house arrest until his death in 1978.

Former Azanian Peoples Liberation Army (Apla) commander, Letlapa Mphahlele was re-elected as President for a second term at the party’s national elective congress in 2012.

The party’s support has been steadily eroding since 1994. In 2003, Patricia de Lille then a PAC MP – left to form her own party, the Independent Democrats.

Also, former deputy chairperson of the party, Themba Godi broke away from the party during the 2007 floor-crossing window period to form the African People’s Convention (APC).

In October 2008, former secretary-general of the party, Thami Ka Plaatjie, followed suit when he left the PAC to form the Pan Africanist Movement (PAM).

In the 2011 local government elections, the PAC won 147 589 votes (0.43%). Three years later, the party won just 0.21% support in the 2014 general elections which gave it one seat in parliament.

In 2016 municipal elections, the PAC got 74 607 votes (0.19%).

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Founded in Matatiele on December 12, 2005,[2] the AIC was a protest against the location of the area within the boundaries of the Eastern Cape province rather than KwaZulu-Natal as a result of the 12th Amendment of the Constitution of South Africa put forward by the ANC government. The disputed boundary change went to court; it was eventually confirmed by the 13th Amendment of the Constitution of South Africa.

Date Formed:

12/12/2005

Leader Name:

Mandla Galo

Party Manifesto:

The United Democratic Movement is a centre-left, social-democratic, South African political party, formed by a prominent former National Party leader, Roelf Meyer, a former African National Congress and Transkei homeland leader, General Bantu Holomisa, and a former ANC Executive Committee member, John Taylor.

Date Formed:

27/09/1997

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Bantu Holomisa

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Date Formed:

2018

Leader Name:

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Party Manifesto:

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Date Formed:

01/11/1993

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Shameen Thakur-Rajbansi

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Date Formed:

2011

Leader Name:

Delta Mokoena

Party Manifesto:

Al-Jama-ah party’s biggest support base is the large Muslim community in the Western Cape. Formed in 2007, Al Jama-ah hopes to win the support of an equal number of voters of other faiths.

Date Formed:

2007

Leader Name:

Ganief Hendricks

Party Manifesto:

The African People’s Convention (APC) was formed in September 2007 floor-crossing window when Themba Godi, the former deputy president of the Pan Africanist Congress (PAC) – launched the APC taking with him two of the PAC’s seats in the National Assembly.

Date Formed:

05/09/2007

Leader Name:

Themba Godi

Party Manifesto:

Abantu Batho Congress was formed in January 2020 by Philani ‘PG’ Mavundla. The party describes itself as an Afrocentric, Pan-Africanist and womanist revolutionary movement.

Date Formed:

00/01/2020

Leader Name:

Philani ‘PG’ Mavundla

Party Manifesto: