SA Metro: City of Tshwane

The workers say the City of Tshwane reneged on an agreement undertaking to insource them SABC News

The City of Tshwane is the administrative capital of South Africa and is among the six largest metropolitan municipalities in the country. It covers 6 368 km² of Gauteng’s 19 055 km².

The City has a vibrant and diverse economy, which enables it to contribute at least 26,8% of Gauteng’s GDP and 9,4% of the GDP of the national economy.

Tshwane is home to the Union Buildings, with government-related business playing an important role in the local economy.

The municipality’s main economic sectors are community services and government, followed by finance and manufacturing.

Metal products, machinery, and household products are the largest sub-sectors within manufacturing. The City has a well-established manufacturing sector, with the automotive industry representing the most significant component.

Tshwane is home to over 130 embassies, representing the second-largest concentration after Washington D.C in the United States.


According to the 2011 Census data, the City of Tshwane is home to approximately 2,9 million people. Tshwane’s population is predominantly black Africans representing 2,2 million people, followed by a White population of approximately 600 000 people, 59 166 Coloured individuals, and 51 547 Asian individuals.


The main languages spoken in Tshwane include Sepedi (19.4%), Afrikaans (18.4%), Setswana (14.7%), and English and Xitsonga (8.4%).

About 37% of the population is classified as youth, making Tshwane one of the youngest cities in South Africa. The gender makeup in Tshwane is 50.2% female and 49.8% male. Between 2001 and 2011, Tshwane’s population growth rate breached 3.1%. By 2011, there were 911 536 households in Tshwane, with an average household size of 3 persons.


Census 2011 data revealed that 80.7% of Tshwane’s population live in ‘formal dwellings’; 76.6% were connected to a flush sewerage system; 80.7% has their refuse removed on a weekly basis; 64.2% had access to piped water inside their dwelling and 88.6% used electricity for lighting.


Akasia, Atteridgeville, Bronkhorstspruit, Centurion, Cullinan, Ekangala, Ga-Rankuwa, Garsfontein, Hammanskraal, Irene, Kudube, Mabopane, Mamelodi, Pretoria, Pretoria North, Rayton, Refilwe, Roodeplaat, Soshanguve, Temba, Winterveldt.

Main economic sectors

General government (28.1%), finance, insurance, real estate and business services (24.7%), manufacturing (13.0%), wholesale and retail trade, catering and accommodation (11.9%), transport, storage and communication (10.3%), community, social and personal services (5.2%), construction (3.5%), electricity, gas, and water (1.9%), mining and quarrying (0.7%), agriculture, forestry and fishing (0.5%).

Council’s seats

The current composition of the council’s 214-seats: DA 93, ANC 89, EFF 25, VF PLUS 4, ACDP 1, COPE 1, PAC 1.

The municipality was placed under S139 administration on 5 March 2020 by Gauteng premier, David Makhura. This was, however, overturned by the North Gauteng High Court a month later, with the judge calling the decision unlawful.

The mayor of Tshwane is DA’s Randall Williams.


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